Types of Fishing Rod: How Many Fishing Rods Should You Have?

Different sizes of fishing rods for different fishing techniques.

I was reading through a forum about fishing the other day, and one question that keeps popping up was regarding the number of rods that anglers should have in their fishing equipment arsenal. Such a question would surely come from beginners in fishing, for expert anglers would not dare ask such a question. Besides, beginners are usually confused about how many fishing rods they should own and would like to know more about fishing. 

However, concerning how many fishing rods you should have, the answer usually depends on the type of fishing you would engage in. For many habitual anglers, having three fishing rods is enough. Likewise, collecting a wide array of fishing rods isn’t necessary to be an effective angler. Yet, it is undoubtedly essential to use the correct fishing rod for the fishing activity type you would like to do more often. So, it will surely help to know the different kinds of fish rods. 

Different Fishing Rod Types

If you want to raise your fishing skills a notch higher, it will be best to practice more often and use the appropriate fishing rods for the fish species you would like to target. Fish rods come in different forms and types. You’ll find starter fish rods and specialty rods that have specialized functions. To familiarize yourself with these different fish rod types, you can check this rundown of the different types of fish rods:

1) Spinning Fishing Poles

If you’re looking for the most commonly used fish rods, you should try the spinning fishing poles. These fish poles exhibit extraordinary lightness, and they are comfortable to use. As a beginner, it will be best to use the spinning fishing poles to get the hang of fishing. 

Spinning rods have a length ranging from 4’5″ to 9’5″. The most commonly used spinning rods are from 6-foot to 7.5-foot long. It is the most straightforward fish rod that every angler should have in their fishing tool arsenal.

2) Bait-casting Rods

If you want to level up your fishing activities, you better go for the bait-casting rod. Its name readily betrays its purpose and function. It is a fish rod that you can use to cast bait onto the water. Besides, it is a must-have in your fishing equipment arsenal. 

You can cast farther than the spinning rod using the bait-casting rod. Additionally, it gives you more control of your fishing because it allows you to set the bait onto the hook. Moreover, you increase your chance of catching sizeable fish with this rod. 

Baitcasting rods usually range from 5’5″ to 9.’ Their most commonly used baitcasting rods range from 6’5″ to 8.” You can also use this rod for casting lures or rigs. 

These rods get exclusively used for casting rigs and lures. So, this function distinguishes it from the spinning rods. They also come in short, medium, and long baitcasting rod sizes. 

The short baitcasting rods range from 5’6″ to 6’4.’ The medium range is from 6’5″ to 8,” while the long baitcasting rods range from 8′ to 9.’

3) Ice Fishing Rods

Another type of fishing rod is the ice fishing rod. You can use this rod when fishing in frozen water bodies. This rod, of course, looks like the spinning rod, saved for its shorter frame. Besides, this rod doesn’t come with reels like those of the spinning rods. You need to wind the line manually when using it. 

4) Fly Fishing Rods

If you want a versatile fish rod, check out the fly-fishing rod. This fishing rod comes in different sizes, lengths, and shapes. In most cases, you can buy a very thin and lightweight fly fishing rod with sufficient flexibility compared to other rod types. 

Fly fishing rods tend to be longer than other rod types and measure somewhere between 7 feet to 9 feet. They need to be longer because they get utilized for casting light lures. Besides, their lines are thicker than other fishing line types. Thus, the fly-fishing rod needs to be longer.

This rod offers excellent versatility and functionality. You can also use it to catch both large and tiny fish. Plus, you can use it in both fresh and saltwater.

5) Surf Fishing Rod

Another type of fish rod is the surf fishing rod, also referred to as the sea fishing rod. This fish rod, of course, is meant for use in saltwater. It is one of the types of rods used in saltwater fishing. 

This rod features a longer frame than the ordinary fish rods, allowing anglers to cast farther their lines. Besides, this rod exhibits better flexibility and bendability. Plus, it is tough and takes a lot of beating with ease.

6) Telescopic Rods

Check out the telescopic rod if you want a highly innovative fish rod. It showcases a compact frame, and it is pretty portable. Despite its compact design, you can extend its length according to the moment’s need. 

Most telescopic rods can extend up to twenty feet. These rods, of course, are perfect for experienced anglers. Besides, they are easy to carry around because of their compact sizes.

7) Pen Fishing Rod

Another very compact fish rod is the pen fishing rod. It is like a telescopic rod. Yet, it is much smaller than other rods. Besides, you can easily fold up this rod as if it is a pen. 

This rod will fit with ease onto your jackets and pockets. Nevertheless, you can extend its length when you are about to use it.

Must-Have Fish Rods in Your Fishing Equipment Arsenal

After knowing the different types of fish rods, you might still get confused as to which among these fish rods you should have in your fishing equipment arsenal. Well, experts would suggest that you have one of the following fishing rods in your fishing arsenal to get you going:

A Spinning Rod

One fish rod that you should always have around is the spinning rod. However, the most versatile spinning rod in existence is the 70 MHF. It features a seven-foot rod with a heavy build and offers fast action. Anglers can cast a wide array of baits with precision using this rod. 

Used as a typical jig and worm rod, it also gets utilized for moving baits like chatter and spinnerbaits. You can also add shaky and wobbly head jigs and weightless plastics to the list of baits you can use with this rod. 

You can also use it as a frog rod. Yet, if you’re often fishing for bigger fish around slop or heavy cover, you might as well go for a longer and heavier rod. 

Casting Rod for Bigger Baits

Of course, you should also have a casting rod for bigger baits. The St. Croix Premier and the KastKing Perigee II are good examples of casting rods. Both have medium to heavy power and offer fast action. It will be good to note that you are able to slow down your hookset manually using fast action rod. But you will fail to speed up a medium-action fish rod.

Another is the 70 MMF which offers slower action and lighter power. Thus, anglers can throw baits like jerk baits and crankbaits using this rod, along with other treble hook baits and moving baits. This rod fares well in absorbing shock and can keep the fish pinned. 

This rod also excels when using chatter baits and spinnerbaits in open water and around the structure. It can handle tiny single-hook swimbaits, blade baits, small spoons, and topwater baits equipped with treble hooks like walking baits and poppers. 

70 MXF Finesse Rod

Another fish rod you should not be without in your fishing equipment is the Finesse Fishing Rod 70 MXF Rod. My favorite finesse rod, of course, is a 70/30 Finesse rod. The range of size of this finesse rod is from 6-1/2′ to 7.’ It has around 30% tip and 70% backbone. Thus, the upper end, or thirty percent, is flexible, perfect for casting and shock absorption. 

The 70 MXF is ideal for fast action and unparalleled sensitivity, critical for finesse fishing. You can also throw lighter baits farther with this rod. Thus, with this rod, you can experiment with plastics, Texas rigs, finesse jigs, shaky heads, Ned rigs, and many other baits.

Other Essential Factors to Consider When Selecting a Fishing Rod

Knowing the different fish rod types in the market will help you zero in on the fish rods you will need for your fishing endeavor. Yet, if you want to select the suitable fish rods the first time, it will be best to familiarize yourself with the following essential factors you need to consider when choosing a fish rod:

How Frequently Do You Fish?

When selecting fish rods, you can’t just go on grabbing every fish rod you lay your hands on in the store. You need to plan first and know if you will frequently fish or occasionally. Based on that plan, you can gauge the type of rods you need to buy for yourself. 

Besides, it will be preposterous to be buying more fish rods when you only intend to fish once a year. One fishing rod will suffice if you will only fish once a year. 

Nevertheless, if you’re a fishing enthusiast, who fish twice a week, it will be best to invest in many rods. Remember that having an extra fishing rod will save you from a lot of headaches every time you go on fishing. 


Fishing rods can get categorized according to their performance or action. Action can be slow, medium, or fast. Action will dictate the amount of bend your rod can have and where it will bend. 

The action also determines how your rod would go back from loaded to its original position. How you handle your rod is partly determined by action. Besides, action will also determine the type of fish you can catch with your rod.  

Fishing Technique

Another essential factor to consider when selecting a fish rod is the fishing technique you usually employ. If you fish in different locations, you will need multiple rods. For example, you will need freshwater and saltwater fish rods if you interchangeably fish in both fresh and saltwater. 

Besides, if you dabble in different fishing methods and forms, it will help to buy multiple rods. You can also opt for specialty rods for your specific fishing undertaking. 

Target Fish Species

Some rods get designed for catching specific types of fish species. However, some fish will bite and get caught with whatever rod you use. Yet, specific fish species require specialty rods to get them hooked. 

If you intend to catch, for example, bigger fish, you can always go for a bait-casting reel. While if you want to catch predators in the sea, you should use sea-worthy fishing rods to succeed.

Rod Power

Another factor to consider is rod power. Rod power is somewhat akin to rod action. It refers to the capability of the rod to resist stress and withstand pressure. If you are fishing for larger fish species, you can’t use something that cannot handle larger fish species. You will need heavier lines and rods. However, if you go for too heavy a rod, your line might snap. But if you go for too heavy a line, your rod might also break. 

Rod powers usually get categorized as ultra-light, light, medium, heavy, heavy, and ultra-heavy. It will be best to be mindful of the rod power you will use to ensure that the rod you will use will be appropriate for the fishing demands you want.


After knowing the different types of fish rods, you would now be better positioned to choose the correct ones for your needs. However, one obvious thing after reading this post is that the number of fish rods you should have depends on your fishing level skills and the fishing habits you engage in. 

If you want to make fishing habitual for you, it will be best to invest in quality fish rods. Fishing rods are not that expensive, and their price may range from $20 to $100 or more. After all, having quality fish rods is a worthwhile investment if you want to fish more often.

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